All posts by Twigg

State of the Twigg

It’s been a long time since I have posted. This is just an update for where I am.

I added a story to William Elisha Hodges‘ page in the genealogy tree. This addresses how Buster and Ruby came to California, a story prior to our knowledge out here in California…. Grandmother’s life before Dad was born.

I also added a story to 1671 Thomas Hodges who should actually be a 1683 Thomas Hodges as my family tree has grown and been corrected. This is an exited story about a mother protecting her sons during an Indian attack.

Twigg entered the hospital for treatment of the tumor in his lung so may not be posting as frequently.

Accepting the New Media as Literature

A recent survey of Internet users indicated that a large percentage of users, particularly “Millennials,” citizens coming into adulthood after 2000,   are using alternative search engines. The new searches are on Wikipedia, Amazon, and YouTube. Even our spell checkers now recognize these new media.

Because of the universal availability of the new media, I want to begin sharing a few items I find on YouTube.

I have been enjoying some Christian music YouTubes, and also a few religious conversion stories. This week I found one such story that had me in tears. A mother in India had a uterine infection. The doctors told her her baby would die. She prayed that the baby would live and promised to give the baby to Allah if it lived. It did live and she did give it to Allah. Here is a link to the story:

The Mystery

The very strange thing about this story is the new convert cites the chapter in the Quran that address the issue of Mary’s virgin   birth. This leads one to ask them-self if Mohammad was Catholic or if the Pope was Muslim. Where did this doctrine come from? When did the Catholic church adopt the Mariolatry doctrine? Was it before Mohammad wrote it? Did Catholic church and Mohammad use a third party source? If both church and Mohammad used a third party source, both are guilty of plagiarism and neither was inspired.

Indeed, this is a very great mystery. What is your opinion? Who worshiped Mary first? Mohammad or the Catholic church? Or maybe both borrowed the doctrine from an apocryphal gospel, perhaps the Gospel of Mary.

What do you think? You be the history sleuth and find a solution.


  • Quran Chapter 3: The Family of Marium
  • Quran Chapter 19: Marium

All of History is a Story

There are stories for every person, every conflict. A person tells his life as he or she sees it. People around them see and will tell a slightly different view of the first teller. Two litigants at court will sit in the same witness box and each tell a different version of the story they have come to tell. History is no different than the small stories of our personal lives. Big stories just have more observers, so the story becomes more complex.

As stories become more complex they tend to be mysterious. Part of the mystery is the lack of access to some of the witnesses over time, and the later appearance of others who previously were not know to be part of the story. Andrew Lang collected historical mysteries and included the stories in his Historical Mysteries. He even wrote about some of the mysteries more extensively in other volumes. Of particular interest as a big of background color to a developing nation of religious refugees is his James VI and the Gowrie Mystery. And again as background to King James, read John Knox and the Reformation. I have wanted to create a history of the reformation. As I have been reading I find it impossible to separate facets of history. History is one story with many facets.

When you begin reading history you feel you are wading into a small stream. Then you wade into another stream and find a connection. It is the same water traveled years or centuries down the stream bed, but now the stories connect and become a river. A small sample, Robin Hood for years was just a fun book for children, particularly boys. The story tells how Robin robs monks to get money to pay for the ransom of King Richard. Then you read about Gutenberg and how he came to create his printing press. The background of Gutenberg’s Germany explains Richard’s experience and being held for ransom centuries later. Two literary creeks have joined to become a river. Then you find a new release of Robin Hood that names the knights who traveled with Richard, and you recognize that one of the knights is your own ancestor. The river you read has become the ocean you swim.

Sometimes the stories you read are various sides of one story. Not all the stories about the event match. One story says there were no survivors. The other view says there were hundreds. Beyond a reasonable doubt these are different stories and both true. How do you reconcile the difference? And seeing two or three versions of the event, have you seen all? This is your task, to find or create a story to explain the differences and perhaps to find a missing view. You now must dive into the ocean of unknown and create your own point of view, a raft of understanding to keep you afloat in the mystery of life.


Thanksgiving Gone Wrong

The Pilgrims began arriving in Massachusetts Colony in 1620. They continued arriving in ships by fleet after fleet. One of my ancestors was a mate on some of the early voyages. Near the end of the Pilgrim era he became a captain in his own right. So to speak of his maritime career he is termed “mariner.” Less often he is termed Pilgrim or Immigrant.

John Hodges married in London. The chapel of his baptism and marriage burned down in the fire of 1666. As a child he may have played around London Bridge and skated behind the bridge in winter. His office when in England was a pub near the area known as Wapping.

Shortly after marrying and starting a family he shipped as a sailor or mate and started his maritime career. John’s second son was born in the colony in 1623 or earlier. Humphrey, in late court testimony, gave his age indicating being born in 1620 or 1621. That would make him a new-born or one-year-old at the time of the first Thanksgiving. He would have been handed from Pilgrim mother to Pilgrim mother so his own mother could eat and help with the cooking.

John Hodges and his son Humphrey settled in the Mystic River area. They carried goods for the English colony and the Indian village. The village of four to eight hundred men, women and children may have become a significant portion of the Hodges family trading business. John acquired many parcels of land in the area.

While the Massachusetts colony was growing with immigrants and births, trouble was brewing back in England. The persecution that had driven the Pilgrims way had swung like a pendulum. In Spain the Inquisition continued to persecute Christians and Jews. In Scotland John Knox had been preaching to incite riots against Catholics up to about 1560. Not long after the Pilgrims left England and other parts of Europe, the Puritans overcame the English government. There was a reign of terror in England until the Puritans could be expelled. The refugee Puritans poured into Massachusetts swelling the Pilgrim population. The Puritans also brought their army.

In 1637, a few local Indians took revenge on a family of dishonest English traders. The English leaders came to the local sachem and demanded that he turn over the killers. He did not. The English decided they would avenge themselves on the entire village. The two militias, Pilgrim and Puritan, supplemented by the Puritan army attacked the village at two o’clock in the morning supplemented by two jealous Indian tribes who coveted the land of the village.

It was a massacre. It was the first time the new colony considered that might makes right. In 1986 a conservative American President decided right makes might and gave the descendants of the victims a casino. It was the first of the Indian casinos.

There are some unresolved issues. First the myths about survivors differ. There may in fact have been no survivors. The Indians on site years later may be descendants of the enemy tribes that attacked the locals. If so the President’s gift of a casino amounts to supporting terrorism.

Second, some of the English owned land was probably sold at a loss. Other parcels were never accounted for. Normally collateral damage in military acts is exempt from reparations. There normally is no recompense for loss of land value or loss of trade. Two things may turn the tide in the Pilgrims case. Some of the land of the English neighbors has never been transferred. This suggests a civil remedy to return that land to the rightful descendants.

Thirdly, the gift of the casino by the American government for a case involving an action by the colonial government suggests a case for the descendants to proceed against the government under equal protection. Isn’t it wonderful to live under a government of law instead of a government of men?

Happy Thanksgiving, America!

How Old Should A Highway Be Before You Tell It It Is Adopted?

I was having lunch at the local burger place when I saw the title above being flashed as a small sign on wall during a national TV sports show. It did not seem to be part of any sports story. Perhaps you came to this site because you searched the Internet for an explanation of the question. I searched and found an answer for myself.

I am tagging this as Story-Starter because it reminded me of a local highway. Well it is local in my neighborhood, but it could be local in your neighborhood or many neighborhoods across America. Here the highway has been labeled The Christopher Columbus Highway. Christopher Columbus, as you may know, thought he had discovered islands near an old continent. Well, not an old continent exactly, as the earth is young, but a previously known continent. It was not until his third or fourth voyage that Columbus and one of his mates started to suspect they were looking at an unknown continent. They were actually exploring South American as it would come to be known. Columbus discovered many of the Caribbean islands, including Cuba. Cuba was so large that Columbus mistook it for a continent. He never quite got to Florida.

If Columbus had been born later, he might have landed in Florida and heart heard of another distant shore. He might have traveled from the Sunshine State to the Golden State. Columbus was looking for gold, of course, and he would have traveled west looking for Beverly Hills. He kept looking for mythological golden cities, so it would make sense to look for the city in California of which it has been said, “All the gold in California is in a bank in Beverly Hills.” The myths Columbus sought had less foundation in fact.

OK, so if Columbus had done all that, it might make sense to name Interstate-10 “The Christopher Columbus Highway.” But let’s take a moment to learn about the sailors who found North America (probably not the first to do so). There is a rock near Newport, Rhode Island, that is engraved (in translation), “Sailors of Tarshish.” That is a standard way of establishing your arrival on landing and also, more than likely, the formula for claiming early in history. Tarshish was a city on the Iberian Peninsula. The Mediterranean Sea was blocked off to exit by other maritime kingdoms by 800 B. C. This has caused historians to date the stone engraving in Newport, Rhode Island as before 800 B. C.

Is there another way to date the inscription? Possibly. Tarshish is mentioned a number of times in the Bible.

  • Genesis 10:4 — Tarshish was a son of Javan, a son of Japheth, a son of Noah. Javan was the founder of Japan. Some of his descendants settled in what became Germany had have been erroneously labeled Levantines.
  • 1 Kings 10:22 — For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three year’s bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
  • 1 Kings 22:48 — Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.
  • 2 Chronicles 10:37 — … And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
  • Esther 1:14 — Tarshish a prince of Persia and Media who had access to the king’s face.
  • Psalm 48, not a Psalm of David — 48:7 — With the east wind Thou dost break the ships of Tarshish.

That Tarshish was mentioned in Psalms hints that the sailors of Tarshish were know as early as early as David’s time. However, this is not a Psalm of David. It is a psalm of the sons of Korah. Korah was destroyed in Moses’ time, but a few were spared and became servants of David, in fact an important division of his military. (see How Old Should A Highway Be Before You Tell It It Is Adopted? viewed 2015-11-25). So while the psalm was not written by King David, it is more than likely to have been written by one of his contemporaries. The bottom line is that it appears that sailors from Tarshish were blown ashore at least by the time of King David who reigned about 1000 to 960 BC. Columbus was not only born too soon, he was born too late!

Since the descendants of the sailors from Tarshish, or other later immigrants from Tarshish now live in California and south into Mexico, it probably is time to tell Interstate-10 it is adopted. It really should be named the Sailors of Tarshish Highway. (and maybe we should apply to the present day Tartessians for green cards instead of requiring them to have them.)


Why Don’t We Study History Anymore?

History, American Democracy and the AP Test Controversy

An essay by Wilfred M. McClay of the University of Oklahoma given on July 10, 2015 at Hillsdale College’s Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship in Washington, D.C., as part of the AWC Family Foundation Lecture Series.

What follows is my adaptation from an adaptation from that talk. It is right that I should use this story in this blog. First, this site features genealogy, history and literature. I read the lecture as literature, one of my kinsmen graduated from Hillsdale College, and the lecture is about history. Further, Hillsdale College gives permission to reprint in whole or in part, provided the following credit line is used:

“Reprinted by permission from Imprimis, a publication of Hillsdale College.” Subscriptions free on request, and I think you can get both email and snail versions.

[And be sure to check out Hillsdale’s free courses in history and literature.]

Historical study and history education in the United States today are in a bad way, and the causes are linked. In both cases, we have lost our way by forgetting that the study of the past makes the most sense when it is connected to a larger, public purpose, and is thereby woven into the warp and woof of our common life. The chief purpose of a high school education in American history is not the development of critical thinking and analytical skills, although the acquisition of such skills is vitally important; nor is it the mastery of facts, although a solid grasp of the factual basis of American History is surely essential; nor is it the acquisition of a genuine historical consciousness, although certainly would be nice to have too, particularly under the present circumstances, in which historical memory seems to run at about 15 minutes, especially with the young.

No, the chief purpose of a high school education in American history is a a rite of civic membership, an act of inculcation and formation, a way in which the young are introduced to the fullness of their political and cultural inheritance as Americans, enabling them to become literate and conversant in its many features, and to appropriate fully all that it has to offer them, both its privileges and its burdens. To make its stories theirs, and thereby let them come into possession of the common treasure of cultural life. In that sense, the study of history is different from any other academic subject. It is not merely a body of knowledge. It also ushers in a common world, and situates them in space and time.

This is especially true in a democracy. The American Founders, and perhaps most notably Thomas Jefferson, well understood that no popular government could flourish long without an educated citizenry—one that understood the special virtues of republican government, and the civic and moral duty of citizens to uphold and guard it. As the historian Donald Kagan has put it, “Democracy requires a patriotic education.” It does so for two reasons: first, because its success depends upon the active support of its citizens in their own governance; and second, because without such an education, there would be no way to persuade free individuals of the need to make sacrifices for the sake of the greater good. We think we can dispense with such and education, and in fact are likely to disparage it reflexively, labelling it a form of propaganda or jingoism. But Kagan begs to differ with that assessment. “The encouragement of patriotism,” he laments, “is no longer a part of our public educational system, and the cost of that omission has made itself felt” in a way that “would have alarmed and dismayed the founders of our country.”

Why has this happened? Some part of the responsibility lies within the field of history itself. A century ago, professional historians still imagined that their discipline could be a science, able to explain the doings of nations and peoples with the dispassionate precision of a natural science. But that confidence is long gone. Like so many of the disciplines making up the humanities, history has for some time now been experiencing a slow dissolution, a decline that now may be approaching a critical juncture. Students of academic life express this decline quantitatively, citing shrinking enrollments in history courses, the disappearance of required history courses in university curricula, and the loss of full-time faculty positions in history-related areas. But it goes much than that. One senses a loss of self-confidence, a fear that the study of the past may no longer be something valuable or important, a suspicion that history lacks the capacity to be a coherent and truth-seeking enterprise. Instead, it is likely to be seen as a relativistic funhouse, in which all narratives are arbitrary and all interpretations are equally valid. Or perhaps history is useless because the road we have traveled to date offers us only a parade of negative examples of oppression, error, and obsolescence—an endless tableau of Confederate flags, so to speak—proof positive that the past has no heroes worthy of our admiration, and no lessons applicable to our unprecedented age.

This loss of faith in the central importance of history pervades all of American society. Gone are the days when widely shared understandings of the past provided a sense of civilizational unity and forward propulsion. Instead, argues historian Daniel T. Rodgers, we live in a querulous “age of fracture,” in which all narratives are contested, in which the disciplines no longer take a broad view of the human condition, rarely speak to one another, and have abandoned the search for common ground in favor of focusing on the concerns and perspectives of ever more minute sub-disciplines, ever smaller groups, ever more finely tuned and exclusive categories of experience. This is not just a feature of academic life, but seems to be an emerging feature of American life more broadly. The broad and embracing commonalities of old are no more, undermined and fragmented into a thousand subcultural pieces.

McClay goes on to discuss a number of reasons that historians themselves are responsible for the decline of the study of history, among them the growth of the AP History program and test. You can get the rest of his argument directly from the article at Hillsdale College’s Imprimis page. []

I hope you will stay tuned here at as I continue to share the interesting stories and the exciting heroes I am discovering as I continue to explore roots, literature, and history.

It seems one reason to learn history is to get a really great job as a fact checker for book publishers and movie directors. Wouldn’t you like to see your name in those scrolling credits?


Patterns — in Reading

My Reading Plan

The Core

I began a Bible reading schedule several years ago. It grew to become the rhythm of my daily and weekly reading. Back then I began with Genesis chapter 1, Psalm 1, Matthew 1, and Proverbs 1. I read each chapter, or listened to in as an MP3, daily for a week.

The chapters in Psalms are picked by the date of the Sunday at the end of the week. There are 150 individual psalms in the book, so after five months the Psalms begin a repeat. The second month, add 30 to the date, the third month 60, the fourth month 90, and the fifth month add 120.

There are 31 chapters in Proverbs. The Proverb of the week is the date of the Sunday ending the week. The book repeats monthly, so there is no need to add 30 each month as in Psalms.

The other threads are also cyclical. It takes about fourteen years to read the Old Testament (minus Psalms and Proverbs) at fifty-two chapters a year. The New Testament will repeat every five years at fifty-two chapters a week.

The Old Testament begins with the advent of the Son of God in his role as creator. The Old Testament leads to the climax of creation in the advent of the Christ as the Son of Man. Historically several hundred years are missing between the Old Testament and the New Testament.

The New Testament begins with the birth of the baby Jesus as the Son of Man and continues to the end of time and the judgment of all creation. So together the Old and New Testaments run from before time as we know it until time as we know it ends.

The Psalms are the major musical part of the Bible. Here are all the Hallelujahs that are the background of creation. Here is the celebration of victory, the praise and the glory.

Proverbs is like the manual mankind needed didn’t come packed in the basket at childhood. These are the signposts that tell us how to behave, how to succeed. This is the stuff we should all have learned in Kindergarten. This is the most valuable part of any education.

Annual Reading

There is a small core of books I find valuable to read over and over annually. They are not difficult to read. Nor are they greatly expensive. For several years I have been using the Time Quintet by Madeleine L’Engle for the core of my annual reading. The titles follow:

  1. A Wrinkle in Time
  2. A Wind in the Door
  3. A Swiftly Tilting Planet
  4. Many Waters
  5. An Acceptable Time

When you have started this reading program with the daily/weekly Bible reading setting the rhythm and melody of your reading life, these books by Madeleine L’Engle read like the grand finale of a Fourth of July fireworks display. Don’t miss the joy in your reading.

Semi-Annual Reads

For the purposes of keeping in touch with the historical nature of this website, I add a number of histories that I like to review periodically. My first interest was in what once was pre-historic America. Now much that was once unknown or seriously misunderstood by the scholars of not very long ago has been made known by scholars like Barry Fell who have interpreted what ancients in America carved in stone.

Books by Barry Fell
  • America B.C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World
  • Bronze Age America
  • Saga America
Book by Steven M. Gillon
  • Ten Events that Unexpectedly Changed America
Book by Tony Horwitz
  • A Voyage Long and Strange
Books by Thomas Cahill
  • How the Irish Saved Civilization
  • The Gifts of the Jews
  • Desire of the Everlasting Hills
  • Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea

Horwitz’ book gives the story of a driving tour of all the early explorers of America, from the Vikings through the Spanish conquistadors. I used it as a time-line for early history of America, and added to it a time-line from one of Barry Fell’s books. As the major part tells of the Spanish exploration, I intend to alternate reading the Spanish history with English and other explorers. It will be interesting to compare how each group has shaped the world.

Gavin Menzies has some interesting titles that fit the pattern to become semi-annual reads. Particulary

  • The Lost Empire of Atlantis

Also I must add Bryan Sykes into the cycle:

  • Saxons, Vikings, and Celts
  • The Seven Daughters of Eve

The Avenue of the Giants

Each year I pick three authors to read. I once moved to a small town and made it a habit to try to read each of the authors in the novels section. I read sequentially, one book after the other, one author after the other, starting with A.

Now, as I am collecting books I make a note of possible future authors to read. Having following this practice I have become familiar with a dozen or more authors. And picking three authors I have multiple starting points in the alphabet. I am not neglecting the authors later in the list. I have a couple thousand books in print, but mainly I read digital books. It is easier to keep a book handy on my phone than to stuff a book under my arm and keep track of it.

Sometimes one author runs naturally into the next. Last year I read Henry Rider Haggard. The last book in the sequence was co-authored by Andrew Lang, a natural place to start a new author year. I first noticed Lang when I was collecting fairy tales to read with my granddaughter. Then I discovered how broad his topics were, and how deep. Sometimes with Lang I am way over my head. That is OK, it is good to practice treading water, even in your reading.

These chains of books by the three authors are like the roadbeds on great highway. Sometimes on author will mention one of the other authors I picked for the year. (Highways merging 400 yards ahead.) Sometimes an author mentions other authors who might disagree with his theories. (Make a note for future reading list.)

Sometimes while reading the three authors it happens that there is something in common among the stories, maybe a common setting. One week a year or two ago I discovered I had an ancestor in Iceland. That week I was reading a Jules Verne book set in Iceland and a Henry Rider saga of Iceland. Three highways, sometimes running in different worlds, sometimes running parallel in the same valley.

Side-Roads and Detours

A reader can’t live by three authors and a ton of annual reads. Sometimes someone else has something important to say. Maybe a detour suggested by one of the other authors, or just a catchy title on Amazon, or maybe some background literature for a trip I am planning, or books about ancestors. Can’t let reading get in the way of enjoying reading.


Story Starters — Truncated Headlines

Once upon a time and not so very long ago, there was a Supreme Court decision that was very important among the people. The case was duly reported by the drive-by media, but some simple people like myself only caught part of the title and almost none of the content of the decision.

The case in question called forth the court’s final answer on same sex marriages. The decision overturned parts of laws passed by some states to limit the right of same-sex couple to marry. The headline as my puny mind absorbed it read like this:

Supreme court overrules (all) state laws regulating marriage.

The headline should have read:

Supreme court overrules state laws restricting the rights of same sex couples to marry.

You can see there is a major difference between what my mind remembered from the news and what the court issued in its decision. I kept watching the news waiting to see the fall out of all the state practices pertaining to marriage.

What if the first headline as I remembered it had become the real case? What are the domains included in state marriage laws? As you begin with the truncated headline, you realize that state marriage laws include issuance and registration of licenses, performance of wedding ceremonies and registration of officials licensed to perform the ceremonies. Divorce and property settlement are part of marriage law. State classification as common-law or community-property law states is part of marriage law. Intestate succession makes Probate a part of the body of marriage law.

Some state laws pertaining to marriage were acquired by treaty. Treaty law is outside the jurisdiction of the court, so the states that got community-property by treaty would remain community property states. These states have no common law marriage, so they would have then had no way to offer marriages. Want equal protection? Zap, now nobody can get married.

OK, you could have still gotten married. In D.C.! or by contract of marriage and using a Federal Official like a military chaplain.

Now. aren’t you really glad that the news was better than the headline? We still have all our former state laws, AND more citizens have equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution. I take back everything I said about the Supreme Court based on that puny truncated headline. It was a good decision, public complaints not withstanding.

This is where we should be able to end the story by saying the same-sex couples all got married and everyone lived happily ever-after (or at least until they died).

The truth is something went very, very wrong. Same sex couples needed wedding services. Persons to officiate a ceremony, people to make dresses and cakes. This is were things began to go South. Some people in the service industries believed that there services were part of their religious practice. They thought they should be able to perform or not perform based on freedom of religion. Seems reasonable. But people blazing new social trails are seldom reasonable.

Ordinary people like me and you were taken to court for expressing their religious faith. They were marked as criminals, much as Jews in Germany were forced to wear yellow stars. Much as Hitler rounded up Jehovah’s Witnesses before his war. Forcing people to do a service that goes beyond their personal religious faith has the smell of the establishment of religion. It is a lot like the Spanish Inquisition. If you can accept with me that forcing people to perform religious acts against their own belief system, you have to accept that these court cases in effect were a violation of civil rights and an unlawful establishment of religion.

Inasmuch as the courts and some of the prosecutors were paid out of funds appropriated by Congress, the cost of these trials was unlawful. The Congressional Office of Management and Budget should make a survey and see who and where Justice funds were unlawfully used. Further, 1) the prosecuting attorneys should repay to the treasury their salaries for the cases, and the costs of the court; 2) the defendants should receive their reasonable defense cost plus fifty percent for loss of normal income while defending themselves.

The congress should act quickly to right this great wrong. The President should consider setting up a special prosecutor. If he fails to do so, this may become an issue for the coming presidential elections. They great wrong done by these unlawful prosecutions has done more harm to the faith of the people in government and more damage to their civil rights that the September 11 hijackings. But in this case our ship of state has been hijacked by attorneys in our federal courts.

Can we get past this and live happily ever after? Please reach out and share your own need for freedom. Can you perhaps set another human being free?

Story Starters – Once Upon a Time

Once upon a time, and longer ago than I like to admit, I wrote story starter ideas on 3 by 5 cards and tossed them into shoe boxes. Now that I have been reading for some time in the Kindle format, I have been highlighting how stories begin in collections of stories and fairy tales.

In some of the volumes of Andrew Lang’s volumes of fairy tales there are many ancient tales that begin in original styles. The boiler-plate beginnings belong to a later era in literature.

Sometimes a story actually comes in different versions. There are two versions of the three bears. In the familiar story it involves a young girl named Goldilocks. Apparently the original tale involved an older homeless woman. Perhaps the later teller of the tale should begin thusly, “Twice upon a time….”


Happy Birthday, Andrew Lang!

As this website is about genealogy, history and literature, I take this opportunity to salute one of the authors I am reading.

One this day, March 31, in 1844, Andrew Lang was born. I became interested in Andrew Lang when I started collecting fairy tales to read someday with my granddaughter. Last year I started seriously collecting books authored, edited, or translated by Andrew Lang. It is of interest that the author I read prior to Lang is Henry Rider Haggard who co-authored with Andrew Lang the last book in my Haggard sequence. (Yay! I got a headstart on reading Lang by reading the co-authored book.)

I catalog my collection on One of the features I have recently started to appreciate is their On This Day feature on my home page. They list authors and one of their works for people born on the day or died on this day. I often find I have at least a few books of many of the listed authors. I use the names on On This Day to search for free Kindle books to expand my collection. So today, after having checked out page after page of Andrew Lang works, I added several new titles to my collection and to my list of works to read.

Happy Birthday, Andrew Lang!